The Great Lakes -St. Lawrence Lowlands


The Pacific Coast
The Cordillera
The Prairies
The Canadian Shield
The Great Lakes
The Appalachian Region
The Arctic
Geography and identity



Southern Quebec and Ontario, the industrial heartland of Canada, contain Canada's two largest cities, Toronto and Montreal. Fifty percent of Canadians live in this small region where 70 percent of Canada's manufactured goods are produced.

Click here for graph of population density







The region also has prime agricultural land, for example, the Niagara Peninsula. The large expanses of Lakes Erie and Ontario extend the number of frost-free days, permitting the cultivation of grapes, peaches, pears and other fruits.





Niagara Falls attracts many tourists and was painted by famous artists.










The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence region is sugar maple country. In the autumn, the sugar maple leaves, Canada's national symbol, are ablaze in red, orange and gold. The sap is collected in spring and evaporated to make maple syrup and sugar, a culinary delicacy first prepared and used by the North American Aboriginal peoples.










More than half the Canadian population lives close to the Great Lakes or along the St. Lawrence River. Here, winter brings heavy snowfalls. Summers tend to be longer and more humid than elsewhere in Canada. Rainfall varies little year to year and is ample enough to sustain some of the best farming areas in Canada. Mean daily temperatures range from the mid-teens to low twenties from mid-June to mid-September, with week-long heat waves in the 30s not uncommon. Warm, sunny days and crisp, cool nights make the fall season popular. Click here for Ontario Climate graph / Quebec Climate graph