Canada is characterized by extreme cultural diversity. This was
true from the start, with the presence of very diverse First
Peoples; European settlement by two main groups, the French and
the British, resulting in a country which was said to be
bicultural. While the French Canadians and the First Nations are
considered as national groups within Canada, Canada's cultural
diversity also derived, and is constantly reinforced, by the
very diverse immigrant groups that contributed, and still
contribute, to its population.
result Canada developed institutional and governmental
strategies to accommodate the cultural diversity of its peoples.
The presence of the French Canadian national group heavily
contributed to the adoption of federalism as Canada's
institutional framework. Today federalism continues to function
to protect the specific cultural needs of the French
Canadian national group in Quebec. In the same way, in recent
years, the flexibility of the federal structure made it possible
to grant a large measure of self-government to the Inuit, with
the creation of the territory of Nunavut. As for immigrant
groups, the need to facilitate their harmonious integration into
Canadian society, while respecting their special needs and
customs, led to the adoption of the policy of multiculturalism.