New France


Royal Colony
Colonial Administration
The Economy
Fur and Expansion
French-English Rivalry

The French Period: 1663-1763


The fortune of New France changed in 1663 when the Compagnie des 100 Associés was abolished and the colony was brought under direct control of King Louis XIV and his Ministre de la Marine, Jean-Baptiste de Colbert.


The colony faced major problems - the war with the Iroquois, very slow population growth, and economic instability - all of which were addressed energetically in the 1660s. By the beginning of the 18th century, New France had become the heart of a vast colonial empire extending from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.


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