The Encounter


The Viking Contact
The Fishery
Early French explorations
The Birth of New France
Huron-Iroquois War


In this chapter we will begin exploring the history of Canada after the first contact between the Aboriginal Peoples and the Europeans. While there are many similarities between the evolution of Canada and the United States (especially in social and economic terms), it is important to be aware that that these two nations have very different histories, particularly as regards colonization and political development. This table compares the timelines of the United States and Canada and reveals that the great historical landmarks are both similar and different.


In Canada, the first contacts between the European newcomers and the Aboriginal Peoples began around the year 1000, and it can be considered that they went on until the formal establishment of New France as a royal colony in 1663; the encounter was therefore not a sudden event but rather a slow process that lasted several centuries.