Canadian motto is "A mari usque ad mare" (from ocean to ocean)
and points at the first and most fundamental notions when dealing
with Canada - size.
Occupying the northern half of the North American continent,
Canada's land mass is 9 093 507 kmē, making it the
second-largest country in the world after Russia. From east to
west, Canada encompasses six time zones. In addition to its coastlines on the Atlantic and Pacific
oceans, Canada has a third sea coast on the Arctic Ocean, giving
it the longest coastline of any country. To the south, Canada shares an 8, 891 kilometre boundary with the
United States. To the north, the Arctic islands come within 800
kilometres of the North Pole. Canada's neighbour across the
Arctic Ocean is Russia.
Because of the harsh northern climate, only 12% of the
land is suitable for agriculture. Thus, most of the population
of 37 million live within a few hundred kilometres of the
southern border, where the climate is milder, in a long thin
band stretching between the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans.
If you fly over Manitoba or northern Ontario in summer, you will
see more water than land: lakes, big and small, so many that
they could not possibly be counted. It has been estimated that
Canada has one-seventh of the world's fresh water. In addition
to the Great Lakes, which it shares with the United States,
Canada has many large rivers and lakes.
Canada is often imagined as a northern country, with people going
about their business in snowmobiles or dog-sleighs. While it is
true that in the extreme north temperatures climb above 0°C for
only a few months a year, most Canadians live within 300
kilometres of the country's southern border, where mild springs,
warm summers and pleasantly crisp autumns prevail at least seven
months of the year.
a geographical point of view, Canada can be divided into seven
physiographic regions, each with a very specific
landscape and climate:
1.The Pacific Coast
4.The Canadian Shield
5.The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands
6.The Appalachian Region